Judge Lippman suggested taking “the profit motive” out of bail bonding by encouraging more involvement of nonprofit organizations, something that was enabled by state legislation that passed last year and that the judge said had been a success in the Bronx. He also called for the expansion of supervised release programs that monitor defendants awaiting trial and provide them access to social services, like programs to help overcome drug and alcohol abuse. Increasing the use of those programs would save significant amounts of public money, he said, because pretrial detention costs an average of $19,000 per defendant nationally, whereas monitoring a defendant in the community costs less than $4,600. “You do the math,” the judge said. “There is enormous potential savings if we can figure out how to safely and responsibly keep nonviolent defendants in the community while their cases are pending.